Artist Proof prints…A/P
Common practice is that 10 to 15 percent of an edition is reserved for the artist. These proofs are identical to impressions in the edition in most instances. Print Marking example; A/P “1/35” is the first print of an edition of 35 Artist Proof impressions.
The print contains no harmful acid or alkaline that may affect the life of the paper or quality of the image printed.
Certificate of Authenticity
A document issued with limited edition prints, with the print published a date, size of the image, original art media,
An image created by the artist on a metal plate by means of engraving tools and acid. This produces the sunken line which will receive the ink. As the plate is inked, the ink settles in the sunken areas. The plate is then wiped clean. The plate, in contact with
Giclee or Digital Print
A fine art print that has become more precise with the advent of the revolutionary printing process Giclee (zhee-clay) a French term meaning “spray of ink.” In the Giclee process, a fine stream of ink (more than four millions droplets per second) is sprayed onto archival art paper or canvas. Each piece of paper or canvas is carefully hand mounted onto a drum which rotates during printing. Exact calculation of hue,
Hors de Commerce…H/C
Hors de Commerce (Not for trade) traditionally were the graphics pulled with the regular edition but marked by the artist for business use only. These graphics were used for entering shows, exhibits, samples, etc. Today, however, since people began to acquire and collect them, these graphics now generally find their way to the marketplace through regular channels and are sold. Example H/C 1/10
Limited Edition Prints…L/E
A fixed number of identical prints of an image, signed by the artist, sequentially numbered, and showing both the print’s number and the total edition size. Each print is referred to as a “limited edition print.”
A print produced by a printing process in which the image to be printed is rendered on a flat sheet or metal plate or
Medium is the material or technical means of artistic expression. Examples include oils, watercolors, acrylics, ink,
A mechanical process used to reproduce an image. The newest printing method in the industry is computerized or electronic printing. This process uses a computer, typesetting and
The first of a work, typically the painting from which prints are made. It may also be used to describe the landmark work of an artist.
One hundred percent rag paper are constructed of cotton fibers. Traditionally considered museum quality. Watercolor paper and most printmaking papers are examples of archival rag paper.
A current practice by some artist is the addition of a small personalized drawing near his penciled signature in the margin of the graphic. The simple sketch or drawing is usually rendered in pencil but can be rendered in color. A print containing one of these hand embellishments or drawings is called a Remarque. Print marking example; RE “1/25” is the first print of an edition of 25 Remarques. By art market standards Remarques usually rank higher in value to S/N’s (re-mark)
A print made by the silk-screen process involving the use of stencils. Paint is applied to a fabric screen, penetrating areas not blocked by a stencil. Several stencils are used to produce a multicolored print. As a commercial medium, silk-screen printing has been used by such modern artists as William Tolliver.
Signed and Numbered
Prints that are authenticated with the artists signature, the total number of impressions in the edition, and the order in which impression is signed. Numbering example; L/E “5/350, indicates the fifth print of a limited edition of 350 impressions.
When a limited edition is no longer available it is termed Sold Out. When an image sells out it usually will begin to appreciate in value depending upon resale or trade in the secondary market. In the art
Watercolor or watercolor – Any paint that uses water as a medium. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors. An exception to this rule is water miscible oil paints, which employ water as their medium but are actually oil paints. When made opaque with white, watercolor is generally called gouache or bodycolor.
Tempera is another exception
Colors are usually applied and spread with brushes, but other tools can also
Woodcut or Wood Engraving
A relief technique in which a design is cut with knives, gouges, or chisels into planks of wood parallel to the wood grain. Wood Engraving is a relief technique in which a design is cut with